Nhandemutande Media

In the late 1990’s one of the fast food restaurant chains in England-McDonald’s spent over a year combating a false rumor that its hamburgers had worms. These rumors were re-ignition of a fire that had first erupted in 1978 and the Corporate reputation of McDonald’s was once again placed on the firing line. This was before the advent of “Social Media”. And the effects of false or harmful rumors have worsened more than tenfold since social media came into the picture.

Social Media is now a powerful weapon in shaping how a brand is perceived by the ordinary person on the street.



“Fake news” or hoax news, refers to false information or propaganda published under the guise of being authentic news. Fake news websites and channels push their fake news content in an attempt to mislead consumers of the content and spread misinformation via social networks otherwise referred to as Social media and word-of-mouth. Taking note of the strenuous efforts; time and work invested in building reputable organization’s, it is very sad and regrettable that a simple negative comment or post that goes viral and transforms into fake news can massively destroy all this effort and subsequently the reputation of the organization. Let us take a step by step approach and delve into the McDonald’s Worm hamburger false rumor.

Brief “Myths” contained in the “Worm Hamburger” rumor

  • McDonald’s used worm meat fillers but legally called it beef.
  • McDonald’s used unethical or unusual substances to decrease their costs
  • By using Worm fillers McDonald’s was producing Higher profit margins
  • Employees were forced to sign a confidentiality waiver to never discuss the ingredients with anyone
  • McDonald’s used mutant laboratory meat and pig fat in their milkshake and ice-cream

The effects of the rumors when they first broke out in 1978 were catastrophic as one of McDonald’s franchise sales plummeted by 30%. But apart from that,there would be other serious repercussions such as

  • Loss of Trust with its customers
  • Soiled reputation
  • Massive erosion of goodwill
  • Loss of customers
  • Questionable ethical business practices
  • Retrenchments and loss of jobs

Developing Effective Social Media PR using McDonald’s “Worm Hamburger” Rumor

Whilst Social media has infiltrated nearly every industry, the continued economic shrink being experienced by our beloved motherland of Zimbabwe means a shift to the New Media. Public relations practitioners now have to tweak and change their strategies in order to make sure they engage their audiences in the best way possible and social media presents just that opportunity. Developing an effective Social Media PR for businesses is a step by step process and in the case of the McDonald’s Worm hamburger Myth. Some of these strategies could be

  • Prior publicizing of a company’s ethical standards either via social media platforms-a video/story depicting how a company upholds ethical standards and its values
  • For a fastfood chain to respond and counter these false rumors of the “worm hamburger” by getting the aid in scripting a promotional video for the burger showing its full ingredients as it is being prepared and publicise these on social media platforms
  • Show proof of certification and licensing in line with that industry for instance in Zimbabwe the Standard Association of Zimbabwe(SAZ) is one of the bodies responsible for testing products if they are deemed appropriate and not detrimental to the health of consumers
  • A Write-up or blog from the company’s website or LinkedIn Profile on the ingredients of the burger or issuing essential hygiene tips to be observed during preparation of a burger.

As Warren Buffet correctly noted-“it takes 20 years to build a reputation and just 5 minutes to ruin it. If you think about it you will do things differently”. As such fake news and the role of social media in eroding corporate reputation should never be under-estimated.

The writer Fungai Sox is the Co-Founder and Editor-In-Chief at Nhandemutande Media-a Certified Social Media Consultancy firm specializing in Editorial Consultancy and Social Media Trainings. He writes in his own personal capacity. He can be contacted on 0776 030 949 /0718 730 939 OR founder@nhandemutande.co.zw

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1 Comment

  1. Ravai Gutsa
    July 4, 2019

    Great stuff there.

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